(1) A basic characteristic of all forms of Socialism is their irrationality.
The entire edifice is built upon a falsehood. A sophism.
And that sophism is that if a man is in charge of, say, his own factory, he will inevitably exploit his fellow man.
If the same man is in charge of the same factory as a state employee...he will magically transform himself and become a selfless altruist.
The sheer imbecility of the argument cannot be defended by any rational means.